Phobias are labelled as irrationality and avoidance in individuals. Most people who suffer from a phobia know that it is not based on reality, but they can’t stop themselves. Phobias can cause difficulties for the individual experiencing them by having a negative impact on their daily life and can become very serious.

What are Phobias?

People can suffer from phobias for many different things, for many different reasons. Childhood trauma for example can cause a person to develop a phobia related to that particular traumatic event later on in life. Other phobias are seemingly unexplained, with the patient not knowing where the issue stems from or why. Therapy can help to examine the cause of the phobia, as well as help the patient overcome it so that they can live a happier and more comfortable life. Although there are many kinds of phobias, some of the various types, known as situational phobias, encompass a wide variety of specific phobias and conditions such as flying, driving, going through tunnels, elevators, as well as things like environmental phobias such as heights and bodies of water, to name a few.

CBT For different types of phobias

Driving phobia is distinguished by the intense, often debilitating, fear it generates. Before driving or en-route there may be a build-up of dread and anxiety. Symptoms usually stop once the driver is out of the situation but can have a longer-term impact, leading to poor sleep or a loss of appetite. 

A fear or phobia of flying is a very common phobia to experience. Many people do not like the thought of flying and this phobia shares similar characteristics to driving phobias. People suffering from this phobia generally tend to not like the fact that they are not in control of their safety, combined with being enclosed in an aircraft without the ability to remove themselves, as well as various noises, vibrations and potential uncomfortable movement due to turbulence, are the general causes of this particular phobia.

Natural phobias are also a very common thing with many people experiencing them in one form or another. These phobias include fear of water, ocean, lakes etc, as well as things like a fear of heights and fear of the dark. They can also span into phobias relating to weather such as thunderstorms, lightning, hailstorms etc. 

Medical phobias include fears of things such as developing illnesses, a fear of blood loss or the sight of blood and even germs, as well as fears of medical examinations and medical environments such as hospitals.

Many people have phobia of an animal of some kind. This can be due to many reasons, from actual real-life experiences with these animals, to fabricated things about them such as stories or movies etc. Common animal phobias include fear of animals such as snakes, sharks, crocodiles, lions etc.

Meta, known as Metathesiophobia is a fear of change. This can be a change in anything from jobs, schools and other life circumstances. Many people have anxieties related to change, however a genuine phobia can manifest for many reasons such as a dramatic and traumatic change in one’s life leading them to develop a fear of change in the future.

signs of phobias and symptoms

Treatment for Phobias

All clinicians at Oxford CBT practice Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, or are Psychologists, providing evidence-based interventions and support for Phobias and a range of other conditions for both young people and adults. If you would like more information, please visit our FAQ’s page or if you have a question that is not listed please get in touch via our online contact form or call us on 01865 920077.

NICE guidelines recommend treatment of 8-12 sessions. For Agoraphobia, a course of CBT usually consists of 12 to 15 weekly sessions. 

Clinicians who specialize in treating Phobias

Take a self-assessment Screening

Complete screening questionnaire and we will connect you with a therapist according to your needs and requirement criteria.

Consider online therapy

Online sessions are a flexible alternative to in person sessions and have been proven to be equally as effective.

Image of a female health practitioner on a laptio, online cognitive behavioural therapy CBT cbt,

What Our Patients Have To Say

15:37 01 Sep 23
Highly recommend Oxford CBT. Deepika was incredibly helpful when it came to invoices for insurance, and changing between in-person and online sessions. My weekly sessions with Ellie were always positive, she always validated my feelings and provided me with techniques to reach my therapy goals. She is brilliant, and I would recommend her to anyone who is looking for help.
Imogen GrahamImogen Graham
14:10 08 Jun 23
Can't speak highly enough of Oxford CBT. The booking/rearrangement process has been updated to be really easy, and the flexibility to be online or in-person is invaluable. I worked on my struggles with depression and anxiety with Ellen and then more extensively with Ellie and she helped me so much, even just session-to-session she's so friendly and warm and validating, I could laugh with her just as often as I could cry. When I started CBT I wasn't convinced that it would work but with the patience of Ellen and Ellie, I'm doing so much better. Thank you so much to them and to Oxford CBT.
Gemma LandersGemma Landers
14:03 20 May 22
It was very easy to book sessions. Jennifer was a great therapist, every session with her was great and really helped me. She was kind and caring and knowledgeable. All the things she gave me to help, worked, and I still use them now when I need to. CBT really helped me and I would highly recommend Oxford CBT.
James WestgateJames Westgate
11:10 27 Sep 21
Karen IsonKaren Ison
15:52 14 Sep 21
I have just completed a final phase of therapy. It has been hard work but so beneficial. The schema therapy knowledge that Tom used has given me a much better insight into how my childhood has impacted me as an adult and given me freedom from the past and the ability to move on. Tom's unfailing encouragement and empathy kept me going on the difficult journey. I would recommend to anyone.
Elizabeth RoweElizabeth Rowe
16:39 03 Mar 21
I started doing weekly CBT sessions with Ellie in September 2020 at a time when I was suffering badly from insomnia and was looking for help dealing with anxiety and racing thoughts at night. Although we never met in person but only over Zoom, I felt as though Ellie and I had some really good conversations. She's an immensely sympathetic and caring person and she also has a good sense of humour. She really tried hard to help me talk through my problems and to give me CBT-based strategies for dealing with stress. I'd recommend her to anyone.
12:20 07 Jul 20
I had my therapy sessions with Adam Lacey. He is just amazing. He has empowered me to be more in touch with myself and more true to my values. He has helped me to understand the matrix through which I see the world, in order to change it accordingly to what I really believe in and to what I find more useful in this moment of my life. He has helped to develop my compassionate side both towards myself and towards others. We’ve worked together on self criticism and self confidence. I felt Adam kept adapting the sessions according to my needs, mixing up different styles and supporting me holistically. I also brought to him themes that might be less common for therapists (such as polyamory) and he has made me feel welcomed, safe and supported.Skype sessions worked perfectly fine. Adam has been able to create a connection and make me feel completely comfortable with the online sessions.

Begin your
wellness journey

Get in touch with us and we will assess your needs and expertly pair you with the right clinician and services to get you on the path to embracing life.

Already have an idea of your condition? Take a self-assessment screening for our clinicians to further evaluate.

To help personalise content and provide a better user experience, we use cookies. By clicking on accept, you agree to allow us to place these on your device. Learn more on our privacy policy.